the country's $728 per capita gross domestic product is just slightly higher than that of sub-Saharan Africa.
as the 2005 United Nations Human Development Report puts it, even if it sustains its current high growth rates, India will not catch up with high-income countries until 2106.
Nor is India rising very fast on the report's Human Development index, where it ranks 127, just two rungs above Myanmar and more than 70 below Cuba and Mexico.
nearly 380 million Indians still live on less than a dollar a day.
Malnutrition affects half of all children in India, and there is little sign that they are being helped by the country's market reforms, which have focused on creating private wealth rather than expanding access to health care and education.
communist insurgencies (unrelated to India's parliamentary communist parties)have erupted in some of the most populous and poorest parts of north and central India.
At the same time, I feel Nitin is far, far too optimistic. "The 21st century will be India’s"? That is far from being the only possible outcome. For example, we are far poorer than Argentina (per capita GDP: $13,600) . Who says we can't do what they did: grow strongly for a few decades (or years), then fall prey to political populism and economic stagnation? God knows our politicians would not mind. And I would call that an optimistic scenario: at least Indian children won't be starving en masse.
In fact, I am willing to concede everything that Pankaj Mishra says about the state of India today. And the role of Cassandra is hugely valuable
Many serious problems confront India. They are unlikely to be solved as long as the wealthy, both inside and outside the country, choose to believe their own complacent myths.